Team



Rahul Malhotra

Assistant Professor

Head of Research

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Dr. Rahul Malhotra is Assistant Professor at the Program in Health Services and Systems Research (HSSR) and Head of Research at the Centre for Ageing Research and Education (CARE) at Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore. A physician and public health researcher, his research focuses on the vulnerability – i.e., increased risk of adverse outcomes – associated with ageing. Within this area, his research agenda is to develop an evidence base that enables understanding, measurement and alleviation of vulnerability, resulting from physical, psychological, social and health service factors, among older adults in Singapore and other Asian countries. His current funded research projects include (1) a longitudinal study of older Singaporean-family caregiver dyads (TRaCE) that aims to assess the patterns, correlates and consequences of changes in caregiving-related outcomes over time, (2) a national longitudinal survey of older Singaporeans (THE SIGNS Study) that aims to study the predictors and  outcomes of change in physical, psychological and social health of older adults, and (3) a pharmacy health services research project (PROMISE) that aims to provide the evidence base for patient-centred prescription medication labels. He has authored or co-authored over 140 peer-reviewed papers in the medical and public health literature.

Google Scholar Profile

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Research agenda: Develop an evidence base that enables understanding, measurement and alleviation of vulnerability (i.e., increased risk of adverse outcomes), resulting from physical, psychological, social and health service factors, among older adults in Singapore and other Asian countries.

 Specific areas of research interest, contributing to the research agenda:

  1. Health communication, and Health literacy.
  2. Impact of caregiving on informal family caregivers and formal caregivers, including foreign domestic workers, and older care recipients.
  3. Measurement, and utilization, of healthy life expectancy for spatial and temporal comparisons of health.
  4. Development, and/or validation, of scales assessing physical, psychological or social constructs among older Asians or their caregivers.
  1. Malhotra R, Chan A, Malhotra C, Østbye T. Validity and reliability of the Caregiver Reaction Assessment scale among primary informal caregivers for older persons in Singapore. Aging Ment Health. 2012; 16(8): 1004-15. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2012.702728
  2. Malhotra R, Malhotra C, Chan A, Østbye T. Life-course socioeconomic status and obesity among older Singaporean Chinese men and women. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2013; 68(1): 117-127. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbs102
  3. Malhotra R, Ang S, Allen JC, Tan NC, Østbye T, Saito Y, Chan A. Normative values of hand grip strength for elderly Singaporeans aged 60 to 89 years: A cross-sectional study. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2016; 17(9): 864.e1-864.e7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2016.06.013
  4. Siow JYM, Chan A, Østbye T, Cheng H-L G, Malhotra R. Validity and reliability of the Positive Aspects of Caregiving (PAC) scale and development of its shorter version (S-PAC) among family caregivers of older adults. The Gerontologist. 2017; 57 (4): e75-e84. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnw198
  5. Chei CL, Lee J M-L, Ma S, Malhotra R. Happy older people live longer. Age Ageing. 2018; 47 (6): 860-866. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afy128
  6. Malhotra R, Bautista MA, Tan NC, Tang WE, Tay S, Tan A, Pouliot A, Saffari SE, Chei CL, Vaillancourt R. Bilingual text with or without pictograms improves elderly Singaporeans’ understanding of prescription medication labels. The Gerontologist. 2019; 59 (2): 378-390. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnx169
  7. Malhotra R, Bautista MAC, Müller AM, Aw S, Koh GCH, Theng Y-L, Hoskins SJ, Wong CH, Miao C, Lim WS, Malhotra C, Chan A. The Aging of a Young Nation: Population Aging in Singapore. The Gerontologist. 2019; 59(3): 401-410. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gny160
  8. Tareque MI, Saito Y, Chan A, Visaria A, Ma S, Malhotra R. Years of life with and without limitation in physical function and in activities of daily living by body mass index among older adults. Int J Obesity (Lond). 2019; 43(11): 2244-2253. doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41366-019-0370-8
  9. Chan A, Saito Y, Matchar DB, Østbye T, Malhotra C, Ang S, Ma S, Malhotra R. Cohort Profile: Panel on Health and Ageing of Singaporean Elderly (PHASE). Int J Epidemiol. 2019; 48(6): 1750-1751f. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyz172.
  10. Tareque MI, Chan A, Saito Y, Ma S, Malhotra R. The impact of self-reported vision and hearing impairment on health expectancy. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2019; 67(12): 2528-2536. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.16086