NUS-Tsao Ageing Research Initiative

1. Intergenerational Support among Older Singaporeans

The primary aim of this project is to assess patterns and determinants of receipt and provision of several complementary types of intergenerational support among Singaporean older adults (62+).  A wide range of intergenerational support are considered  that include monetary, material, instrumental, housework, physical care, and emotional help using the 2011 Panel on Health and Ageing of Elderly Singaporeans (PHASE II).  The first study of the project examined the relationship between gender and marital status on receipt and provision of intergenerational support. Main findings of the study show that women are not only recipients of support but are also more likely to provide all types of support compared to men – including monetary support.  The effect of being “single” on intergenerational flows differs by whether the older person is widowed, divorced/separated or never married.  Widowed elderly are mainly recipients of monetary support.  Never married elderly are the least likely to receive and provide monetary support.  A second study will look at levels and types of disability and how this affects intergenerational support that older adults receive and provide and the aim of the third study is to describe the socio-demographic profile of all family members from whom older adults in Singapore receive or provide various types of support.

2. Global Comparison on Healthy Aging

This is a comparative study of nine International Longevity Centre (ILC) country participants from Czech Republic, France, the Netherlands, Israel, United Kingdom, Argentina, Japan, South Africa and Singapore. The objective of the study is to compare retirement type (“early” or “normal”), job characteristics and health outcomes such as cognitive impairment, Activities of Daily Living (ADL) limitations, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) limitations, and depression of older adults.

3. Profiles of caregivers in Singapore

The aim of this project is to examine profiles of 3 groups of caregivers in Singapore: 1) Elderly spouses; 2) Single men and women; 3) Middle income (caregivers who live in 3-4 bedroom HDB/JTC Flats).  We also examine caregiver characteristics by care-recipient health needs.  Data from 1190 dyads comprising care recipients (community-dwelling adults aged >=75 years with at least one Activity of Daily Living (ADL) limitation) and caregivers (family member/friend most involved in providing care/ensuring provision of care to care recipient), who were interviewed through the Singapore Survey on Informal Caregiving (2010-2011) are used.

4. Qualitative study on coping strategies and caregiving arrangements of lower-income households with dependent elderly

(Principal investigator: A/P Thang Leng Leng, Department of Japanese Studies)

The aim of this project of to explore the micro-social strategies of lower-income caregivers from a process-based approach that examines the motivations, structures, contingencies, as well as cultural nuances relevant to the management and generation of caregiving resources.