Singapore Survey on Informal Caregiving (SSIC) 2010-11

The Singapore Survey on Informal Caregiving (SSIC) is a national survey of 1190 community-dwelling older Singaporeans aged 75 years or older receiving human assistance for at least one activity of daily living (ADL) limitation (care recipient) and their primary informal caregiver conducted in 2010-11.

Specific objectives

  1. Identify the social and demographic characteristics of informal caregivers in Singapore looking after an elderly family member.
  2. Identify the profile of the recipients of care.
  3. Determine specific care giving tasks being performed and time spent in these tasks
  4. Identify which informal caregivers are coping well with their care giving responsibilities and which are not, as well as the factors that might explain this difference.
  5. Determine the impact of care giving and the needs of informal caregivers and to identify the social and demographic characteristics of a group of potential family caregivers of elderly who will need care in the future.


A random sample of 20000 elderly Singaporeans aged >75 years, was drawn from a national database of dwellings for administration of an ADL screener. The sample was stratified by ethnicity and age group (75-79, 80-84, 85+). Malays and Indians were oversampled by a factor of 2 to ensure a sufficient number of respondents in these subgroups for analysis. Excluding those who were not contactable or refused participation, a total of 5613 elderly in the sample were administered the ADL screener. Elderly who, in the ADL screener, reported receiving human assistance for any one or more of six ADLs (care recipient) were asked to name a family member/friend, but not a foreign domestic worker, who was most involved in providing care or ensuring provision of care to them (primary informal caregiver). A total of 1190 elderly met the criteria of a care recipient, identified a primary informal caregiver and gave consent for participation. These 1190 care recipient-caregiver dyads were interviewed face-to-face using structured questionnaires. Elderly who reported neither receiving nor requiring assistance with any ADL in the ADL screener were classified as potential care recipients. The first 792 potential care recipient-potential primary informal caregiver dyads who gave consent for participation were also interviewed face-to-face using structured questionnaires.


Ministry of Social and Family Development (erstwhile Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports), Singapore