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Sashikumar Ganapathy

Clinical Associate Professor


Contact: 63941813

Education Qualifications: MB BCh BAO, MRCPCH (UK), MHPE

Dr Sashikumar Ganapathy is currently a Senior Consultant and Head of Department in Department of Emergency Medicine at KK Hospital. 

Dr Ganapathy’s areas of interest are Medical Education and Innovation, primarily in the field of designing and planning learning, teaching and facilitating learning as well as educational research and scholarship. Recently, he has been involved in enhancing education through the use of technology and optimizing educational and work output using technologically enhanced programs and human factors analysis. As an Emergency Pediatrician, his main interests are in pediatric resuscitation, toxicology, optimizing delivery of care and services as well as evidence-based emergency practice. 

Dr Ganapathy has been appointed as Assistant Dean of Clinical Integration in Duke-NUS overseeing clinical integration across the pre-clinical and clinical years and contribute to the undergraduate program as Co- Course director of the Body and Disease Course, Core Faculty of the CARE Program and as an instructor in the year 2 pediatric clerkship.  He is the Clinical Coordinator of Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine Phase 4 and 5 Pediatric clerkship program in KK Hospital.  He is also involved as a core faculty of Lee Kong Chian School of medicine for the Child Health Program and a core faculty member of the Pediatric Residency program.  His various other involvement in education includes designing, planning and implementation of the education curriculum in the Emergency Department in KK Hospital and inter-professional education spanning from nursing education and communications education.  

Dr Ganapathy is keenly involved in Medical Innovation and Care transformation with the creation of a Pediatric Chatbot as well as Telecollaborative consults within the emergency department and across hospital emergency departments in Singapore. He has worked on creating educational teaching programs using Virtual reality games as a teaching platform. He also has a keen interest in improving health delivery, enabling the primary healthcare sector in pediatric medicine, optimizing efficiency and maintaining safety of staff and patients.

Professional Appointments and Committee Memberships:

  • Member, Academy of Medicine Singapore
  • Editor of Singapore APLS Guideline and Textbook 2020
  • Clinical Competency Committee, SingHealth Residency
  • Chapter Lead, Healthcare Quality and Safety Standards (HQSS), KKH
  • Steering Committee Member, Acute Pediatrics Models of Care, KKH
  • Member, Medical Innovation and Care Transformation committee, KKH
  • AMEI Professional Development Committee


  • Singhealth Best House Officer Award 2008 
  • KKWCH Patient Safety Award 2010
  • KKWCH Service from The Heart 2011 
  • Singhealth Best Medical Officer Award 2011
  • RISE Award for teaching faculty in Residency 2015
  • Dean’s Award for teaching excellence YLL NUS 2017 SingHealth Service Quality Award 2016
  • Healthcare Humanity Award 2018
  • Duke-NUS Best Faculty Award 2019
  • Golden Apple Award for Education – Outstanding Young Educator Award 2019
  • RISE Award for teaching Faculty in Residency 2020

Leadership positions / roles in Education: 

  • Clinical Associate Professor, Duke-NUS Medical School
  • Adjunct Assistant Professor, Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine
  • Adjunct Assistant Professor, YLL-NUS School of Medicine
  • Core Faculty, SingHealth Paediatric Medicine Residency Programme
  • Deputy Campus Education Director KKH
  • AMEI Professional Development Committee 
  • Course Director for Advanced Pediatric Life Support, APLS Singapore. 
  • Course Director, Suturing Handskills and Procedural Training Programme, KKH
  • Course Director, Communications in the Emergency Department, KKH

Research Interests: Medical Education, primarily in the field of designing and planning learning, teaching and facilitating learning as well as educational research and scholarship. As an Emergency Pediatrician, my main research interests are in care transformation, injury prevention and exploratory translation of patterns and resource utilization.

Selected Publications:

1. Non-Urgent Paediatric Emergency Department Visits: Why Are They So Common? A Singapore Perspective.

Ganapathy S, Lim SY, Kua JP, Ng KC.Ann Acad Med Singap. 2015 Jul;44(7):269-71.PMID: 26377062 


2. Anaphylaxis in Children: Experience of 485 Episodes in 1,272,482 Patient Attendances at a Tertiary Paediatric Emergency Department from 2007 to 2014.

Ganapathy S, Lwin Z, Ting DH, Goh LS, Chong SL.Ann Acad Med Singap. 2016 Dec;45(12):542-548.PMID: 28062882 


3. The Singapore Paediatric Triage Scale Validation Study.

Ganapathy S, Yeo JG, Thia XHM, Hei GMA, Tham LP.Singapore Med J. 2018 Apr;59(4):205-209. doi: 10.11622/smedj.2017093. Epub 2017 Oct 6.PMID: 28983578 


4. The Role of Text Messaging and Telehealth Messaging Apps.

Ganapathy S, de Korne DF, Chong NK, Car J.Pediatr Clin North Am. 2020 Aug;67(4):613-621. doi: 10.1016/j.pcl.2020.04.002. Epub 2020 Jun 11.PMID: 32650857 Review.


5. Bicycle injuries among the paediatric population at an emergency department in Singapore.

Beckwith K, James V, Kalaiselvan K, Ganapathy S.Singapore Med J. 2019 Jul;60(7):343-346. doi: 10.11622/smedj.2019009. Epub 2019 Jan 15.PMID: 30644526 


6. Five-Year Review of Patients Presenting with Non-Accidental Injury to a Children's Emergency Unit in Singapore.

Chew YR, Cheng MH, Goh MC, Shen L, Wong PC, Ganapathy S. Ann Acad Med Singap. 2018 Oct;47(10):413-419.PMID: 30460968 


7. Impact of COVID-19 on pediatric emergencies and hospitalizations in Singapore.

Chong SL, Soo JSL, Allen JC Jr, Ganapathy S, Lee KP, Tyebally A, Yung CF, Thoon KC, Ng YH, Oh JY, Teoh OH, Mok YH, Chan YH.BMC Pediatr. 2020 Dec 23;20(1):562. doi: 10.1186/s12887-020-02469-z.PMID: 33353540 


8. Trauma to Transformation: the lived experience of bereaved parents of children with chronic life-threatening illnesses in Singapore.

Dutta O, Tan-Ho G, Choo PY, Low XC, Chong PH, Ng C, Ganapathy S, Ho AHY.BMC Palliat Care. 2020 Apr 6;19(1):46. doi: 10.1186/s12904-020-00555-8.PMID: 32252753 


9. Oximetry-detected pulsus paradoxus predicts for severity in paediatric asthma.

G Krishnan S, Wong HC, Ganapathy S, Ong GY.Arch Dis Child. 2020 Jun;105(6):533-538. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2019-318043. Epub 2020 Feb 24.PMID: 32094247


10. Unplanned reattendances at the paediatric emergency department within 72 hours: a one-year experience in KKH.

Goh GL, Huang P, Kong MC, Chew SP, Ganapathy S.Singapore Med J. 2016 Jun;57(6):307-13. doi: 10.11622/smedj.2016105.PMID: 27353384 


11. Handheld Metal Detector for Metallic Foreign Body Ingestion in Pediatric Emergency.

Hamzah HB, James V, Manickam S, Ganapathy S.Indian J Pediatr. 2018 Aug;85(8):618-624. doi: 10.1007/s12098-017-2552-5. Epub 2018 Jan 4.PMID: 29299756


12. Thematic analysis of spousal interaction patterns among Asian parents of children with chronic life-threatening illness.

Ho AHY, Dutta O, Tan-Ho G, Choo PY, Low XC, Chong PH, Ng C, Ganapathy S.BMJ Open. 2019 Nov 19;9(11):e032582. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032582.PMID: 31748309 


13. A Novel Narrative E-Writing Intervention for Parents of Children With Chronic Life-Threatening Illnesses: Protocol for a Pilot, Open-Label Randomized Controlled Trial.

Ho AHY, Dutta O, Tan-Ho G, Tan THB, Low XC, Ganapathy S, Car J, Ho RM, Miao CY.JMIR Res Protoc. 2020 Jul 5;9(7):e17561. doi: 10.2196/17561.PMID: 32623367 


14. Handheld Metal Detector Screening for Metallic Foreign Body Ingestion in Children.

James V, Hamzah HB, Ganapathy S.J Vis Exp. 2018 Sep 11;(139):58468. doi: 10.3791/58468.PMID: 30272654 


15. Periorbital Cellulitis in Paediatric Emergency Medicine Department Patients.

James V, Mohamad Ikbal MF, Min NC, Chan YH, Ganapathy S.Ann Acad Med Singap. 2018 Oct;47(10):420-423.PMID: 30460969 


16. Lateral Condyle Fracture of the Humerus Among Children Attending a Pediatric Emergency Department: A 10-Year Single-Center Experience.

James V, Chng ACC, Ting FLM, Chan YH, Ganapathy S.Pediatr Emerg Care. 2020 Jan 22. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000002032. Online ahead of print.PMID: 31977764


17. From Trial to Implementation, Bringing Team-Based Learning Online-Duke-NUS Medical School's Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Jumat MR, Wong P, Foo KX, Lee ICJ, Goh SPL, Ganapathy S, Tan TY, Loh AHL, Yeo YC, Chao Y, Cheng LT, Lai SH, Goh SH, Compton S, Hwang NC.Med Sci Educ. 2020 Aug 4:1-6. doi: 10.1007/s40670-020-01039-3. Online ahead of print.PMID: 32837796


18. Epidemiology of paediatric poisoning presenting to a children's emergency department in Singapore over a five-year period.

Koh SH, Tan KHB, Ganapathy S.Singapore Med J. 2018 May;59(5):247-250. doi: 10.11622/smedj.2018053.PMID: 29796685


19. A review of child sexual abuse cases presenting to a paediatric emergency department.

Lee MHM, Ganapathy S, Low SM, Chua CLQ, Chong SL, Ma E, Wong PCY.Ann Acad Med Singap. 2021 Jul;50(7):527-535. doi: 10.47102/annals-acadmedsg.2021127.PMID: 34342333 Review.


20. Road traffic accidents in children: the 'what', 'how' and 'why'.

Lee YY, Fang E, Weng Y, Ganapathy S.Singapore Med J. 2018 Apr;59(4):210-216. doi: 10.11622/smedj.2017114. Epub 2017 Dec 7.PMID: 29214322 


21. A retrospective review of trampoline-related injuries presenting to a paediatric emergency department in Singapore.

Lim FMT, James V, Lee KP, Ganapathy S.Singapore Med J. 2021 Feb;62(2):82-86. doi: 10.11622/smedj.2019168. Epub 2019 Dec 10.PMID: 31820005 


22. Singapore Paediatric Resuscitation Guidelines 2016.

Ong GY, Chan I, Ng A, Chew SY, Mok YH, Chan YH, Ong J, Ganapathy S, Ng KC; Paediatric Resuscitation Workgroup (2015-2016); National Resuscitation Council Singapore.Singapore Med J. 2017 Jul;58(7):373-390. doi: 10.11622/smedj.2017065.PMID: 28741003 


23. COmplementary and Alternative Medicine Use Among Pediatric Emergency Department Patients in Singapore.

Sathiyan J, Faeyza N, Ramasamy K, Ng WS, Ganapathy S.Pediatr Emerg Care. 2020 Jun 11. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000002117. Online ahead of print.PMID: 32530833


24. Paediatric emergency department attendances during COVID-19 and SARS in Singapore.

Tan RMR, Ganapathy S, Tyebally A, Lee KP, Chong SL, Soo JSL, Thoon KC, Chan YH, Ng KC.Ann Acad Med Singap. 2021 Feb;50(2):126-134. doi: 10.47102/annals-acadmedsg.2020500.PMID: 33733255 


25. Dynamic adaptation to COVID-19 in a Singapore paediatric emergency department.

Tan RMR, Ong GY, Chong SL, Ganapathy S, Tyebally A, Lee KP.Emerg Med J. 2020 May;37(5):252-254. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2020-209634. Epub 2020 Apr 22.PMID: 32321705 Review.


26. Intussusception in Children Presenting to the Emergency Department: An Asian Perspective.

Yap Shiyi E, Ganapathy S.Pediatr Emerg Care. 2017 Jun;33(6):409-413. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000000548.PMID: 26555309


27.Household Transmission of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 from Adults to Children.

Yung CF, Kam KQ, Chong CY, Nadua KD, Li J, Tan NWH, Ganapathy S, Lee KP, Ng KC, Chan YH, Thoon KC.J Pediatr. 2020 Oct;225:249-251. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.07.009. Epub 2020 Jul 4.PMID: 32634405